The foibe massacres, or simply the foibe, refers to mass killings both during and after World War II, mainly committed by Yugoslav Partisans against the local ethnic Italian population, mainly in Venezia Giulia, Istria and Dalmatia.The term refers to the victims who were often thrown alive into foibas (deep natural sinkholes; by extension, it also was applied to the use of mine shafts, etc. to ...
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Gli scrittori e la Grande Guerra: atti della giornata di studi (17 novembre 2008) / [edit.] Pérette-Cécile Buffaria ; [edit.] Christophe Mileschi ; [medew.] Luca Salza. - Parigi : Istituto italiano di cultura, 2009. - 147 p. - (Quaderni dell'Hôtel de Galliffet ; 22). - ISBN-13 978-2-9531837-4-0
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Local civilians are trying to identify relatives or friends. Locations of some of the foibe. The foibe massacres, or simply the foibe, refers to mass killings both during and after World War II, mainly committed by Yugoslav Partisans against the local ethnic Italian population, mainly in Venezia Giulia, Istria and Dalmatia.
IBetween 1945 and 1948, Italian authorities recovered a total 369 corpses from foibe in the Italian territory temporarily held by Yugoslav forces (Zone A), and another 95 were recovered from mass graves in the same area. Many of these were military forces, some of these were German soldiers and Slovene collaborators.
The name was derived from a local geological feature, a type of deep karst sinkhole called foiba. The term includes by extension killings and "burials" in other subterranean formations, such as the Basovizza " foiba ", which is a mine shaft.
Italian historian Guido Rumici estimated the number of Italians executed, or died in Yugoslav concentration camps, as between 6,000 and 11,000, while Mario Pacor estimated that after the armistice about 400-500 people were killed in the foibe and about 4,000 were deported, many of whom were later executed.
At the end of the war, near the site of the most famous Basovizza foibe, a big battle took place between Germans and Yugoslav forces, and after the battle local villagers threw dead German soldiers and horses into the mine shaft. After the war the Basovizza foibe was used by the Italian authorities as a garbage dump.
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